Get Your FREE subscription today
Current Issues Past Issues Who We Are Resources Get Involved Glossary
 
From the Editor
Editor's Note
 
Memory News
Fatty food weighs down muscles and memory
 
Pumping Neurons: Exercise to maintain a healthy brain
The evidence is growing that moderate regular exercise boosts memory and other brain functions and may help prevent age-related declines.
Go to Article >>
 
How Parkinsonís disease affects the mind

It’s not just a movement disorder. Besides causing tremors and other motion-related symptoms, Parkinson’s disease affects memory, learning, and behavior.

Go to Article >>

 
Creative healing: art therapy for Alzheimer's disease and other dementias
As medical science races to cure dementia, storytelling and other creative activities promise a better quality of life for the millions already diagnosed.
Go to Article >>
 
Memory Tip
Medicate Your Memory
Glossary
Menopause
 

Menopause refers to the cessation of menstruation in women. It occurs when the ovaries stop functioning. Natural menopause usually occurs between age 45 and 55. Menopause also occurs in women who have had their ovaries surgically removed and can occur as a result of damage to the pituitary gland, which helps regulate the function of the ovaries.

Some women pass into menopause with no noticeable symptoms, while other women experience severe and debilitating symptoms including nervousness, hot flashes (flushes) and chills, fatigue, apathy, depresion, insomnia and dizziness. There is no evidence that sexual desire and activity necessarily decrease in post-menopausal women.

The ovaries are the female body's producer of estrogen; when the ovaries stop functioning in menopause, estrogen levels plummet. This can have long-range effects including osteoporosis and atherosclerosis.

In order to treat the symptoms of menopause, many women receive hormone replacement therapy (HRT), which usually involves taking estrogen combined with progestin. (Taking estrogen alone causes an unacceptably high risk of uterine cancer.) HRT may reduce the risk of osteoporosis and heart disease, but may increase the risk of breast cancer and liver disease. For these reasons, decisions about whether or not to begin or continue HRT must be made on an individual basis by a woman and her doctor.

Further Reading:

Article : "ESTROGEN AND ALZHEIMER'S"

by Catherine E. Myers. Copyright © 2006 Memory Loss and the Brain